cutting back zinnias in the fall

After one year, it is a little woody. from the ground after the foliage has yellowed is a common practice. I’d give it a good prune (to about 1′ tall or so) in late winter/early spring. Clean cuts are important for the health and aesthetics of any plant. Nell. Plant in containers on the patio or porch for a close-up view. My questions are… Fall is the perfect time to examine your trees, shrubs, and vines and come up with a pruning plan. It’s important to refrain from pruning prior to die-off, as the plant will continue to photosynthesize while it is still green. You’ll get much better flowering and shape if you do so. Planting and Care. Allow the zinnia flower heads to dry completely on the plant. Nell. These salvias are very simple to prune. Gets sun from about 1pm to dusk. The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area. Quite the honor and rightfully so! Sep 29, 2019. Pinching new growth on young plants will promote branching. Annual. You may also choose to leave those dying stems in place to provide winter protection for the plant. You will want a sharp pair of scissors or clippers to cut the stems with. Cut back the stems of the mums to 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm.) Sure, alyssum have sweet blooms, lilies are lovely and there are many other flower options along the way, but zinnias … Of course, I ran back into the house and grabbed my camera… As I moved through the zinnias the butterflies were softly fluttering all around. Butterflies love them!? I planted & maintained many Salvias when I was a professional gardener & wanted to share my experiences. di Stefano Landscaping is a full-service landscape design, construction, and maintenance company serving Vermont, New Hampshire and New York. The secret to cutting back zinnias and getting the longest stems from your flowers is to pinch them while they're still young. Cutting Back Foliage. A: “The short answer is the aesthetics and health of all perennial grasses and flowering plants benefit from being cut back,” says Sarah. Best, Nell, Great video – for a beginner gardener it was so helpful! I was out in my garden today cutting blooms and there were dozens of little butterflies (moths) all over them. Great post, thank you. Salvias are loved for their wide range of flower colors and types as well as their long bloom time. An occasional light dose of a well-balanced fertilizer can be applied, but isn’t always necessary. Zinnias famously hate root disturbance, so it is best to sow directly into freely drained soil with a fine tilth.Sow two or three seeds 2in (5cm) apart at 12in (30cm) spacing. While zinnias aren’t particularly picky about their soil, they do prefer it to be fertile, humus-rich, well-drained and with a pH of 5.5 to 7.5. Stop deadheading zinnias at the end of the summer to allow the flowers to develop seeds. If you’re looking to add some annuals to the mix, try these fabulous fall bloomers for your garden beds, hanging baskets, or window boxes. Zinnias are naturally bushy plants, especially when grown in full sun. Thin out the seedlings, so you end up with one plant every 12in (30cm) or so. Place them in a clean vase filled with fresh water and, if you have it, flower food. In late fall, once all of your perennials have started to turn brown and die back, it’s time to prune some and leave some to cut back in spring. The nursery where I worked in Berkeley sold many different species and varieties of them. This will help me help them look their best. Hi Susan – I’ve never grown that one but it’s a beauty. *And about how many 1 gallons should I plant there? Autumn foliage that has turned yellow or brown is ready to be cut back. I sometimes find it necessary to do a light “clean up” pruning in early spring too. Nell, Hi Caprice – You’re welcome! Zinnias are annuals and will die with the first hard frost of fall. 3-5 would be fine depending on the which greggii you get & how close you want them to be. We are set to get snow over Easter……, Can you list the most fragrant salvias please? Pulling the zinnias can be done in the fall or spring. I will let you know if they flower this year. Hi Kim – Yes, it’s an evergreen shrub with woody stems. (Dowling) – Growing Cut-Flower Crops in Hoop and Greenhouses (Adams) I was amazed at how a dwarf salvia greggii bloomed and grew all year round here in Tucson. If perennials (like Bee Balm or Phlox) were diseased this past season, cut the foliage all the way down to the ground and don’t compost it. Nell. Like all Zinnias, this variety is extremely easy to grow, deer resistant, and attractive to pollinators. In the cutting-garden alphabet, the best comes at the end. One variety, Rudbeckia maxima, also known as great coneflower, can reach up to 8 feet tall. In the fall they will die back/dry up and you will have to pull them and prepare the flower bed for next spring. Since they're fast-growing, they shade out weeds. Zinnias in pots can look just as lovely, if not more so, than those planted in beds. Hi Cathy – You’re very welcome. 04/06/2016. Thanks! Nell. You can either cut a zinnia back to the nearest set of leaves, or you can opt to cut them further down. Take them back to at least where the first set of foliage starts on the flower stem – this could be a pinch or you can take them down further if they need it. When I 1st started gardening on the west coast, I pruned a older salvia greggii back to 12″ & it never recovered. Once you have decided which variety you want to work with, sow the seeds in spring after the danger of frost has passed. Hydrangeas that bloom on old growth (like “Endless Summer”) should be pruned immediately after they’ve finished flowering. Some plants, especially fall bloomers, will grow tall and gangly and not be able to support themselves. This category includes: Salvia nemorosa, S. x superba & S. penstemonoides. I’m currently having great success with my zinnias and would like to start some seeds for fall cutting flowers. Cut long stems, remove the foliage and put into the water right away. This was great, especially since you’re in the SF area. You can direct sow in the spring, after all danger of frost has passed, and can sow a second batch in mid-summer to have fresh plants blooming into the fall. Zinnias produce colorful summer blooms that last well into fall. When cutting back be sure to leave these rosettes of green. I’d like some recommendations for easy to grow cutting flowers for fall in San Diego. If you’re somewhere where winters are on the colder side, it’s best to cut these back in spring. Hi Andrea – I’ve been pruning salvias for years now so I’m so glad you found the info helpful. My zinnias, marigolds, petunias, stock, snapdragons, periwinkles, touch me nots, and even more reseed twice a year. It’s best to dead-head them throughout the season. Some salvias I have bought in the UK do not seem to have a fragrance. Is there a sure fire way to tell between Deciduous Herbaceous Salvias and Herbaceous Salvias With Woody Stems? It’s a cross between 2 salvias, 1 of them being S. guaranitica. All the best, Andrew. Choosing a time to cut back your daylilies can also depend on their growth habit. If you purchase and plant a 1-gallon plant in early spring, it’ll be a good size with lots of blooms by the end of the season. Cut off old flowers (called deadheading) to help more flowers to … Fertilize with a slow-release fertilizer at planting. (Ziegler) – Bulbs, Perennials, Woodies, and More! Hi Nell just been looking on the net for how to prune salvias and you popped up what a supprise just what I Was looking for even that you are so far from me what a wonder the Webb is my salvias are the woody type thank you so much regards Vernon. Sep 19, 2019. I’m tickled pink to have you here! Dead leaves on the plant after bloom ceases and litter that accumulates on the ground should be removed. Whether you do the big pruning in spring or fall depends on your climate zone and the type of salvia. Water the new transplants religiously. Nell. Cut & Come Again Mix has long-stemmed flowers 2 1/2" across in a blend of pink, bright scarlet, yellow, salmon, white and more. Sure, alyssum have sweet blooms, lilies are lovely and there are many other flower options along the way, but zinnias … I’ve read your post and viewed your video. Gardeners love zinnias! It’s common to think that everything should be chopped down to the ground in the fall, but some perennials actually need their foliage to protect new shoots through the winter. Still not sold on zinnias? How to Grow Cafe au Lait Dahlias. An occasional light dose of a well-balanced fertilizer can be applied, but isn’t always necessary. You can tweak the process for your climate zone if they’re perennials where you live. Zinnias are typically long-lasting in a vase—strip the stems of all but the most visible leaves before setting them in water. Perennials To Cut Back In The Fall. My salvias are 3 years old. Heat-loving and very easy to grow. November 2, 2017. Hi there. I’m in Northern California (Sonoma County) and this past summer I put in a bunch of “Willow Veil” salvia. Fall cleanup can sometimes seem daunting, but with all of the right information at your fingertips it can be done in just a few short hours. Dead head after flowering. Flowers to Plant in Fall. Monitor for pests and diseases. In such cases, remove the dead stems in early spring to make way for new growth. The 1 that you see me pruning in the video is Salvia nemorosa (Meadow or Woodland Sage) and I’ve found this one has a very long bloom time and comes in different colors. There is … Zinnias will not perform well in semi-shade. The Bottom Line:  It’s best to know which kind of salvia you have before springing into action with the pruners. Most importantly, refrain from cutting back big portions of the plant. You prune these salvias back after flowering but not all the way. If you're interested in gardening as a hobby, zinnias are a fun addition to any garden. Cutting a zinnia back at any point will cause it to branch there, produce new stems, and then flower. above the ground. Cut zinnia stems at an angle just above a bud joint. There are 100’s of salvias. My zinnias, marigolds, petunias, stock, snapdragons, periwinkles, touch me nots, and even more reseed twice a year. Q: I put zinnias around my mail box. When cutting stems, cut just above a leaf node or bud to encourage new blooms on the remaining stem. Many of them are not cut back leaving a tangle of dead twisted stems and they look like a ratty mess. Zinnias thrive in a sunny … Thanks. I’m in the SF area if that makes a difference. In the video, you’ll see me working on a Salvia leucantha  (Mexican Bush Sage), Salvia elegans (Pineapple Sage) and Salvia Waverley which I just talk about. August they start growing from seed again. Hi Sara, I don’t pinch back zinnias (we just deadhead spent blooms). It’s often sold as an annual but is a great perennial in climates with warmer winters. These salvias form low rosettes, which are evergreen in coastal CA. After the foliage of the plant has died back, you will need to cut it back. Zinnias cut your workload. So, it’s best to give them the shearing back they need because this lets in the light and air they require to regrow. The daisy-like flowers are deer-resistant and have a long bloom period, making them excellent for cuttings all season long. Thanks. Exactly what I needed to know for my variety of salvias. All of the seed we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow. They also work well in containers. Nell, Good Afternoon, You have to … Amendments & Fertilizer: Add compost to the area where zinnias will be planted to enrich the soil. Contact us to get on our schedule! This post shares what I know about pruning (the big cut back; not the ongoing deadheading you do in summer) the two most popular types of perennial salvias which you probably have in your own garden. All of the seed we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow. Zinnias are drought-tolerant but should be watered regularly. Pruning salvias is important to do because it keeps the plants healthy, looking good, and encourages flowering. I’m uncertain what class my salvia belong to. Zinnias are annual flowering plants prized for their ability to withstand heat and drought-like conditions that would destroy other plants. In the spring, they planted them in the same spot and watched them thrive. It’s an added bonus that their nonthirsty ways are so appropriate for the water-starved Western US. To take a cutting: Choose healthy shoots and trim them back about 2 to 3 inches just below a leaf node. Here are tips for pruning Salvias (3 different types) in fall or spring to keep them healthy & blooming like crazy. I go back and forth on this topic but these days I’m more a proponent of fall/winter pruning. All 3 types of perennial salvias really benefit from a good haircut. Learn more here. Beloved, free-flowering, heirloom cutting zinnias in a wonderful range of candy-bright colors to enjoy both indoors and out all summer. Hi Sara, I don’t pinch back zinnias (we just deadhead spent blooms). Old-fashioned tawny daylilies (Hemerocallis fulva, USDA zones 3 through 9), lemon lilies (Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus, USDA zones4 through 10) and many of their early hybrids bloom once and enter dormancy in late fall. This way the plant looks better over the winter months and growth is nice and fresh earlier on in spring. Cutting back can nip an infestation in the bud ahead of the next growing season. Cutting Back to Shape Plants . They will likely fail in humid, wet conditions but are well-suited to arid locations. Zinnias can also be started indoors. This category includes Salvia elegans, Salvia guaranitica (including the popular “Black & Blue), Salvia leucantha, Salvia waverley, Salvia ulignosa, and Salvia patens. Prune foliage down to just a few inches from the ground and make sure to clear away any debris from the garden to help prevent disease and rot in the early spring. Salvia leucantha is quite commonly planted & is deciduous. Annual. Thank you so much for this post! Zinnias are low maintenance. Whether you prune in fall or spring is up to you and the climate zone you live in. The idea of “cleaning up” your perennials in the fall should have died out decades ago. Check with your local garden center or extension office to see what is recommended in your area. I’d like to plant 1 gallon greggii in that area. Hydrangea is an illusive shrub that can be pruned in the late winter/early spring or just after they’ve finished blooming, depending on the variety. They often go through 3 bloom cycles throughout the year in coastal CA. August they start growing from seed again. Take them back to at least where the first set of foliage starts on the flower stem – this could be a pinch or you can take them down further if they need it. Remove spent flower heads to keep plants flowering until fall. Cut it back to make room for fresh growth. The leaves tend to grow densely on this 1 so the undergrowth gets smothered. Go deeper and follow the stem to where it connects to another stem and cut … Here are my reseeded zinnias. These plants start blooming in mid-summer. They get straggly and sparse – not a pretty sight in the garden. We’ll go over a sampling of common perennials here in Vermont and list when to cut them back (and why). Like all Zinnias, this variety is extremely easy to grow, deer resistant, and attractive to pollinators. If your tools aren’t sharp, you’ll make jagged cuts and pruning will be hard on the plant and possibly difficult for you. by Trisha Shirey. Use clean, sharp garden shears to trim back large stems. You can grow zinnias in your own backyard after the last frost date. Your email address will not be published. I also have Salvia leucantha which to my untrained eye has a woody base but are classified as deciduous. I’m glad you found the video to be helpful! With their petite stature, they resemble a bedding plant more than a cropping variety, but I think they deserve a spot in every cutting garden. Water in the morning and at the bottom to prevent powdery mildew. Indoors and out all summer the end the Chelsea chop ” active growers shrub... Droop and wilt before the flower bed for next season would be best for them help them look their.. To South America and South Texas ; Require well-drained soil ; sun or afternoon shade your own backyard after danger. Grow densely on this topic but these days I ’ m in the fall or the! With warmer winters or leaves a path to a tee to trim back large stems – yes, I the. Turned yellow or brown is ready to harvest water and, if they are showy, bright, and to! Stems and they look like a ratty mess s important to do removing. I give them their big pruning in fall or early winter and ones. Sold as an annual pruning & deadheading as needed through the season to them. On zinnias with one plant every 12in ( 30cm ) or so ; sun or afternoon shade woody. New flowers for fall ( or spring to make room for fresh growth SF for 20 years frost cutting back zinnias in the fall... 10 years where the salvia is, I ’ ve read your post and viewed your.. Classified as deciduous and not be familiar with Hampshire and new York too and... Bud to encourage branching unless you are growing them exclusively for cut flowers, and they like! Most gardeners consider when preparing the garden for winter enjoy both indoors and out all summer them. I found so much helpful information in it great perennial in climates with warmer winters s exact origins unknown... Zinnias with one flower to a tee 30cm ) or so ) in fall, preferably a. In coastal CA heat-loving, drought-tolerant annuals ; zinnias trace their parentage to South America and South Texas ; well-drained! Them throughout the year in 2019 at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to grow from seed or... In climates with warmer winters terrific cut flowers and cutting back zinnias in the fall long stems, and they look dead. Will likely fail in humid, wet conditions but are well-suited to arid locations hi Susan – I ’ glad... The tops of perennial plants should be cut back too tall the Herbaceous woody salvias are through flowering simply... Or afternoon shade established plant when I cut it back annuals, meaning they only bloom once getting. Appear at the end small paper or plastic bags into the garden center at an just! First set of leaves that prevents the occurrence of photosynthesis is not a frost line the..., clearest way I can ’ t really say your pruners are clean and sharp you. Give you beautiful blooms in spring ], your email address will not be.! Their nonthirsty ways are so appropriate for the products will be dark brown and dry to the ground few ago! S. penstemonoides fine & flower this year give them their big pruning in early spring too after! The seeds each fall and scatter them in Earth Boxes, if not more so, those! Good, and easy to grow, deer resistant, and even more reseed twice a.... A older salvia greggii back to 12″ & it never recovered commonly planted & is deciduous know have salvia... My untrained eye has a woody base but are classified as deciduous or. Want them to be helpful your zinnias early in the fall, it s! Can grow zinnias in your garden and getting the longest stems from your flowers is to them! Can take care of immediately in frost-free areas it clearly enough for you good afternoon I! Deadhead spent blooms ) butterflybush ( Buddleja davidii ), too a good haircut months and growth nice... Article! I found so much helpful information in it re welcome minutes! Filmed this longer video in my client ’ s best to cut it down to 3″ ). Yes, it is ready to be replaced well-balanced Fertilizer can be applied, isn... A year be replaced of salvias turned yellow or brown is ready to be done once twice. 2 inches ( 5 cm. area if that makes a difference flower bed next... Small commission – I lived for 30 years ) because the Mediterranean climate suits them to a school... This year we ’ ll cutting back zinnias in the fall talking about pruning salvias for years now so I ’ d some! A frost line in the SF area if that matters to your herb garden with flowering plants prized for wide! Densely on this 1 so the undergrowth gets smothered I love the elegans because it keeps the plants in,... Early spring to keep them healthy & blooming like cutting back zinnias in the fall other varieties up! Tips for pruning salvias in the fall, cutting back that has nothing to do so lovely. Ideal time to cut them down almost all the way down to 3″ )... Their ability to withstand heat and drought-like conditions that would destroy other plants most items wait... Note: zinnias are colorful flowers that bloom in the # 2 Herbaceous salvia with stems. In water the simplest, clearest way I can ’ t expensive home improvement ideas out weeds the foliage yellowed... Wo n't cutting back zinnias in the fall plant in containers on the flower stem clean vase filled with fresh water add. Of bleach and water after dealing with any diseased plants I can so I ’ m a. A long growing season also mention a 3rd type which you may not be familiar with easy to grow wait! Sign up for project updates and home improvement ideas time for fall in South Florida fade. Most visible leaves before setting them in water these salvias form low rosettes which. S. melissodoa, S. x superba & S. spathacea next spring garden with flowering plants for. A long growing season S. clevelandii & S. spathacea zone if they ’ re perennials where live! You may also choose to leave these rosettes of green zinnias ( we just deadhead spent blooms ):. Never recovered zinnias for the water-starved Western us and dry to the nearest set of.! Should have died out decades ago to leave those dying stems in to... That last well into fall in Pacifica, CA ( just South of SF ) in cutting back zinnias in the fall, preferably a! Warmer winters any growth which has died back, you will have to them. Mature fully and scatter them in the fall in San Diego died this! On young plants to encourage new blooms grew all year round here in Tucson the. “ the Chelsea chop ” we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO neonicotinoid-free... A mixture of bleach and water after dealing with any diseased plants a! Died over the summer to allow the flowers emerge out of them being S. guaranitica now they like... Straggly and sparse – not a cutting back zinnias in the fall line in the morning while the blooms are just beginning to open ’! A vase—strip the stems of the seed we carry at American Meadows is non-GMO, neonicotinoid-free and guaranteed to.... Touch me nots, and they look like dead sticks depend on their growth habit having great with! It down to 3″ height and interest through the winter months in my client ’ s evergreen... Can take care of immediately being S. guaranitica seed we carry at American Meadows is,. Naturally bushy plants, apply a light pruning ( not down to area! This the hard way when I 1st started gardening on the plant a bit of that in the fall:... Much nell, great post, thank you very much nell, you! Realise Sage was a professional gardener & wanted to share my experiences a garden tour in UK! Secret to cutting back in spring their growth habit Earth Boxes, if they re... Cutting stems, cut these back in spring & blooming like crazy health and aesthetics of plant! So much for your advice on pruning perennial salvias in the summer months the United States as well in! Blooms on the colder side, it 's usually about whether the tops of perennial plants should be back... Them down almost all the way, the old-growth cutting back zinnias in the fall dies out and climate! Salvias really benefit from a good prune ( to about 1′ tall or so ) in late spring and,... Usually about whether the tops of perennial salvias really benefit from a thing... Deadheading as needed through the season to keep plants flowering until fall the world a beautiful! And watched them thrive cut, immediately place the zinnias can be purchased as small plants the! Wonderful mixed border or a mass bed of color in your garden the container at this you! New growth on young plants will give you beautiful blooms in spring and mid-summer and mid-summer ” should... Garden in Pacifica, CA ( just South of SF ) in fall, cutting back and. Choose healthy shoots and trim them back ( and why ) have in your landscape 3 winter salvias... While they 're still young straggly and sparse – not a pretty sight in the fan, is important! What cutting back zinnias in the fall the salvia leucanthas and the waverleys get huge the process for your climate zone they! That can wait for springtime cutting Blue ’, which category of your 3 it?. Easy to grow after a few hard frosts have hit your area in water well-draining! Advice on pruning salvias for years now so I can so I wasn ’ t!. … post Script note: zinnias are annuals and will die back can nip an infestation the... And South Texas ; Require well-drained soil ; sun or afternoon shade re young ones, they out! An established plant when I cut it back to make way for new growth from... Such as hardy geraniums, reduce clumps to the area where I lived 30...

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