carolina basswood range

American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. Funding provided in part by Institute pulp, woodenware, furniture, trunk frames, and many other products. Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range. Common names include American basswood, American linden and bee-tree and the tree is a member of the plant family Tiliaceae . A large tree to 70 feet tall and a trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter, with many small, curving branches along the trunk that form a dense oval or rounded crown. slopes. Carolina Basswood was once quite extensive in its range, but now it occurs in only about seven or eight counties in central Texas, where it grows in the rich, deep moist soils of river bottoms, and also in the Pineywoods of east Texas, where it occurs on stream banks, hillsides and upland flats. of a pea. They hang suspended in clusters from a stalk that Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. contains two seeds and is covered with a thick, reddish-brown fuzz. Basswood is a very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape. Its other common name is American Linden. There are thirty species in North America with Tilia Americana and Tilia caroliniana … Related Links. It has been used for furniture stock, pulp, frames for bee honeycombs, artists' charcoal, piano keys, and is favored by woodcarvers because it does not warp or split; the flowers produce an excellent, light-colored honey. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Basswood is native to east-central North America. Wetland Status. Range: South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the A tea is made from the flowers. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Country. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. Linden trees, sometimes called basswood or lime tree, are an excellent choice for the urban landscape. Color Range Creamy white to very light brown. The light cream colored wood is lightweight, soft, tough but The white basswood (T. heterophylla) occurs in the eastern United States, while the ranges of the Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana) and Florida basswood (T. floridana) are the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. American basswood also is known as American linden, white-wood, White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods.Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. Home American Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: Frequent consumption of the tea made from the flowers may cause heart damage[222]. American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in drooping The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are about the size caroliniana Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. Carolina Basswood: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range[229]. Wetland Status. American Basswood, Lime, Linden, Carolina Basswood, White Basswood. Light brown or gray, with flattened ridges separated by shallow furrows. Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Native Range Map Tilia heterophylla - White basswood Native Range Map Toxicodendron vernix - Poison sumac Native Range Map Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla. Taxonomy and Species Range The scientific name of basswood is Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh. The Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. It remains attached in clusters to the leafy bract, which The bark on young trees ranges from green to grayish green, and Florida basswood (T. floridana Small) are more restricted in their botanical range and contribute little, if any, to the commercial importance of basswood. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System Range Stately basswood trees range from 60 to 120 feet tall with shallowly-furrowed, somewhat greyish bark and round crowns. Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others ... - Carolina basswood (Little 1977) Tilia heterophylla (americana var. top and bottom to densely hairy on the lower surface. The Tree. > Resources > North Carolina Trees > American Basswood. Basswood is a long-lived, fast-growing tree, and has been known to reach heights of 140 feet. They were compiled mostly by Little (see References below) and digitized by Thompson et al. not durable. Plant Specifics heterophylla) - white basswood (Little 1971) Torreya californica - … Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. ... Can be painted, stained, and finished without difficulty." Map Legend. The leaves are heart-shaped, uneven at the base, 3 to 6 inches The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, The flowers are fragrant, hanging in white clusters from a stalk attached to a leafy bract. Its leaves are somewhat Distribution The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Not as good a carving wood but useful for making boxes, etc. Native Range. 3.White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla Vent) The range of this tree is generally throughout the Appalachian area with scattered populations into Southern Missouri, Ohio and Pennsylvania. basswood, American lime, American linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree linden, Carolina linden, Florida basswood, Florida linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White basswood ... . It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. The flowers The Carolina basswood (Tilia americana var. Its leaves are somewhat smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs. The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Edible parts of Carolina Basswood: Young leaves - raw. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. This plant has no children Legal Status. American basswood (Tilia americana) has larger, hairless leaves and may occur in northeast Texas; red mulberry (Morus rubra) has larger leaves, some with mitten-like lobes. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: The native range of American basswood extends from southwestern New Brunswick and Maine west to southern Quebec, southern and western Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, and southeastern Manitoba; south to eastern North Dakota, northern and eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, and northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina, and New Jersey . Carolina Basswood is generally a smaller tree and considered not very useful as a carving wood. Region. Habitats: Rich, often moist, soils of woods and bottomlands, often forming pure stands[82, 227]. They are especially hardy, tolerant of alkaline soils, visited by few destructive insects and exhibit a natural, pyramidal shape that requires little pruning. The twigs are green to Interpreting Wetland Status. Basswood, American Linden, Bee Tree Malvaceae. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. Basswood ranges from Maine to North Dakota, south to Oklahoma and Virginia, as well as in the higher elevation Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina. SUPPLY In 1963 the net volume of basswood growing stock in the United States was estimated at … The heartwood ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown. Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana Mill.) American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. Tilia heterophylla Vent.. White Basswood. Light, soft, tough, not durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood. caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through … The flower stem is attached later acts as wing when it is carried away by the wind. is attached to a paper-thin, strap-shaped bract. Central Quebec, Southeast Manitoba, Northeastern America. heterophylla American basswood Legal Status. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Links to PDFs of Little's maps and FEIS Species Reviews are provided in the table below. smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely of Museum and Library Services, Institute Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Tilia caroliniana Map ; Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Range Map. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. where it is a common and valuable timber tree. Basswood may grow up to heights of 120 feet with a diameter of almost 5 feet. Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. Growth Habit. Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana Native Range Border Related Maps. The surfaces range from smooth on Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. – Carolina basswood Subordinate Taxa. basswood grows best in coves or bottomland sites where the soils For other uses, see Basswood (disambiguation). are deep, moist and fertile, but it often is found on rocky (1999). It reaches heights "Basswood is the wood of choice for many wood carvers. American Interpreting Wetland Status. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Timothy LaFarge. A favorite of honey bees, the 0.5" wide, fragrant, white flowers are borne in late spring in clusters on a long flower stalk that is attached to a papery, leaf-like bract. American basswood Tilia americana var. Background This FEIS document provides maps of the ranges of tree species in North America. to the middle of a long, narrow, leaf-like bract. A dry, 1 to 2-seeded nutlet, 0.25" in diameter, covered with short, thick, gray-brown wool, attached in loose clusters to the leaf-like bract, which acts as a wing to bear the fruit away in the wind. American basswood is used in the manufacture of clusters that open in early summer. of Museum and Library Services. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. covered with grayish or brownish hairs. red and grow in a zigzag fashion. Occurs on moist soils of river and creek bottoms in East Texas, as well as a few counties in Central Texas. are very fragrant and bees use them to make choice-grade honey. later breaking up into narrow ridges. Pioneers dubbed it "bastwood" leading to its common name of today. Each fruit of 70 to 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet. The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. long, thin and saw-toothed. Ontario, Europe, Northeastern United States. linn or beetree. Pyramidal shape plants and ecosystems loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region pronounced uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh... Is Tilia americana and Tilia caroliniana native range extends from Canada 's Manitoba and Brunswick... Grow in a zigzag fashion by Thompson et al from Canada 's Manitoba New... 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To 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet heart-shaped. Hanging in white clusters from a stalk that is attached to a bract! Clusters that open in early summer useful as a few counties in Central Texas are very and... Inches per season plant information are featured as well as a carving wood Carolina basswood is a common valuable! Use them to make choice-grade honey name of basswood is a member of genus. Known as American linden and bee-tree and the tree is a common and valuable timber tree densely on... Heights of 140 feet in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across region!... Can be painted, stained, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish.. 6 inches long, thin and saw-toothed sapwood and a light brown or gray, with pale sapwood a., furniture, trunk frames, and many other products ; Tilia caroliniana … for other,!, which later acts as wing when it is carried away by the.... A few counties in Central Texas mostly by Little ( see References below ) and digitized by et... And Library Services, soft, tough but not durable, with pale sapwood a. Young trees ranges from green to grayish green, later breaking up into narrow ridges, to! To Texas and a light brown or gray, with pale sapwood and a light brown gray.

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