pella, jordan map

Weather Forecast. 1800 BCE boasted massive mud-brick city walls. Pella Windows & Doors of Salt Lake City serves residents in Sandy and Salt Lake City, Utah. [28], Umayyad Pella, which by the eighth century CE had officially returned to its original Semitic name of Fihl (variant of Pihil), was totally devastated by the massive 749 Galilee earthquake, as a Jordan Valley rift fault line runs directly under the site. Ancient Greece under the name Pihilum. Pella (Ancient Greek: Πέλλα, also known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, طبقة فحل) is found in northwestern Jordan, 27.4 km (17 miles) south of the Sea of Galilee. Images & Art Childrens Resources background: url('/images/social_sprite.png') no-repeat; According to historian Edward Gibbon, the early Church of Jerusalem fled to Pella after the ruin of the temple, staying there until their return during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, making it a secondary pilgrimage site for early Christians and modern Christians today. The fertility of the hot Jordan Valley, the grasslands on the hills above it, and the oak forests of the highest mountains provide an enchanting natural backdrop to the trek between historic sites from the past two millennia and beyond. "laid waste the country around Pella" (The Jewish War 1.8.1). The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. background: #F7F7F7 !important; [19] If these cities had previously dated their years from their foundation under Alexander the Great or Seleucis I Nicator, they now honoured Pompey by counting 63 BC as a new "Year One". Mafraq Governorate Jordan River Pella, Jordan Map Governorates of Jordan, jordan, angle, hand, cartoon png Window Sliding glass door Sliding door Wood, bi fold brochure, angle, furniture, rectangle png Today the city's ruins, predominately temples, churches and housing, have been partially excavated by teams of archaeologists, and attract thousands of tourists annually but especially in spring, during which time the area is awash with spring flowers. [30] The configuration of the complex suggests markets (khans),[clarification needed] with commercial activities such as glass workshops. display: inline-block; According to Pliny the Elder (Natural History 5.74), in the mid 1st century ad the 10 cities of the league were Scythopolis (modern Bet Sheʾan, Israel), Hippos, Gadara, Raphana, Dion (or Dium), Pella, Gerasa, Philadelphia (modern Amman, Jordan), Canatha, and Damascus (capital of modern Syria). In 63 BCE, the Roman General Pompey integrated the region into the Eastern portion of the Roman Empire, converting the old Seleucid empire into the province of Coele-Syria and incorporating Judaea as a client kingdom. } New Testament Israel  |  Map size: 18 inches x 24 inches | Fits 18x24 size frame (or 18x24 Mat Opening) | Frame not included | Archival quality reproduction 1869 Map | Birds eye view of Pella, Marion County, Iowa, 1869. Before writing my doctoral thesis two decades ago, the only Pella that I knew about was a small town in south central Iowa famous for its windows and doors. [22] According to Epiphanius, the disciples had been miraculously told by Christ to abandon Jerusalem because of the siege it was about to undergo. Excavated by the Australian team, the columns have [17], Re-established as an urban centre under the early Seleucids, its ancient name must still have been known, for its new, Greek name was a close synonym, Pella - the birthplace of Alexander the Great in Macedon. [13] A Canaanite temple was uncovered between 1994 and 2003. Like most cities within the empire, Pella would have had its own town council. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). The earliest mention of the city is in Egyp. } (1992) "Hellenisation and the Decapolis. [20] During the outbreak of the First Jewish-Roman War, when the Syrian inhabitants of Caesarea had slain its Jewish citizens, there was a general Jewish uprising against neighboring Syrian villages, who sought revenge for the murder of their countrymen, during which time Pella was ransacked and destroyed. Wooster stopped excavations in 1985, but the Australian project continues. } Whether you’re looking for wood, fiberglass or vinyl windows or patio doors or wood, fiberglass or steel entry doors, we carry every line of high-quality, energy-efficient Pella products. Media in category "Pella, Jordan" The following 101 files are in this category, out of 101 total. Location Map. Jordan. color: #333 !important; Pella represents one of the Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. padding-left: 15px; 6000 BCE. This has been attributed to a massive destruction by the Hasmonean king, Alexander Jannaeus, about 83 or 82 BCE (Josephus, The Jewish War 14.4.8; Antiquities 14.4.4). } The access streets were lined with newly built shops and large buildings, serving both commercial and residential functions. Map of New Testament Israel (Click to Enlarge) [12], In what is known as the "flight to Pella", sometime before the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, tradition holds that a Jewish-Christian sect of Nazoreans made their way to Pella and settled in the city which became a Jewish Christian hub during the early days of Christianity. First Century Israel Map - Large Map of Israel in the First Century - Click around on the Cities. Watson and O'Hea (1996), Pella Hinterland Survey 1994: Preliminary Report. A city of the Decapolis in Trans-Jordan. Biblical Archaeology - Significant Discoveries from Ancient Empires. Bible Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. [citation needed]. Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. color: #333 !important; ", "Places: 678326 (Pella/Berenice/Philippeia)", The Near Eastern Archaeology Foundation, University of Sydney: Pella, Ben Churcher, The Discovery of Pella's Canaanite temple. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. Lost Laughs - Ancient Humor. [clarification needed] By the Byzantine era, Pella had reached its maximum size and, probably, prosperity. Several of these houses suffered what appears to be the same fiery destruction in the Late Hellenistic period. Click the map and drag to move the map around. Pella was rebuilt by the Greeks under the Greek name Pella. } .footer-blurb h4 { To that end, historically, the ancient city was even mentioned in the 19th century BC Egyptian execration texts, and as such is often considered as one of the earliest walled townships in the region of Jordan and the Levant. Maps & Geography Messianic Prophecies } 4200 BCE). [29], Subsequent settlement at Pella, dated from the later eighth to eleventh centuries CE (from the Abbasid into the Fatimid period), was reduced in size, but featured an enclosed double-courtyard architectural complex in the valley immediately north of the tell. [37] [14], "Fahl" redirects here. History Online, Home In Islamic times, after 635 CE, the town became part of the Jund al-Urdunn (Province of Jordan), but in time was negatively impacted by natural calamities and eclipsed by the geo-political successes of the nearby towns of Amman, Beisan and especially Tabariyah (Tiberias). Pella (known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl (طبقة فحل)) is a village and the site of ancient ruins in northwestern Jordan, some 130 km north of Amman in the Jordan River Valley. Irbid Governorate Map; Irbid Governorate Travel Guide; All Irbid Governorate Hotels; Irbid Governorate Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. Pella. Biblical Archaeology Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out. Bible History The city lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Thessaloníki. Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Pella (Jordan). To reach the site from the main road at the city of al-Mashari’a, hike two kilometers up the path to the east of the road. At least three triapsidal churches have been identified within the city: the West Church at the western foot of the tell; the Civic Complex church in the Wadi al-Jirm at the southeast foot of the tell and which, due to its size and location, was probably the cathedral; and the elevated East Church on the higher slopes of the Jebel Abu el-Khas. Bourke, S. (1997) Pre-Classical Pella In Jordan: A Conspectus Of Ten Years' Work 1985-1995. From Josephus, it is clear that Pella had been damaged and so needed some restoration by Pompey decades afterwards, but his specific reference to the destruction of Pella by Jannaeus because its inhabitants refusing to follow Jewish customs, seems to refer to a different place (Antiquities, XIII.395-397): it is listed as if amongst southern Levantine cities and out of its more normal sequence between Gadara, Gerasa and Scythopolis. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Pella is 943 to 1. [21] Growing Jewish dissent over Roman military occupation in Judea brought about Roman reprisals against Jewish enclaves in the regions of Galilee, the coastal plains of Judea, Idumea and Perea, until, at length, the Roman army had subdued all insurgents and their military governors established during the Jewish revolt. From Amman, it is a 95 kilometer drive. Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible. The Civic Complex at the base of the mound of ancient Pella includes a large columned church from the Byzantine period. Details. But there were found a Christian church as it was place of Christians in the first century AD. Pella is located 30 kilometers north of Deir Alla on the Jordan Valley Road. [12], The ongoing University of Sydney excavations, since being headed by Stephen Bourke in the 1990s, has been focusing on the site's Bronze Age and Iron Age temples and administrative buildings. Originally the town was called Pihilum[when?]. [4] “Now this sect of Nazarenes exists in Beroea in Coele-Syria, and in Decapolis in the district of Pella, and in … .footer-blurb.grey h4 { background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; font-weight: 400 !important; This is the modern Tell 'Amateh, on the south bank of Wady er-Rujeib, 15 miles South of Pella, and nearly 5 miles North of the Jabbok. 6th century CE), a quite late source, seems to indicate that it was founded by Alexander himself,[4] and Ptolemy III Euergetes is another possible founder. Irbid Governorate Motels; Irbid … [31] Australian archaeologists discovered a Mameluke mosque and administrative compound (ca. [6] However, Pella expanded to its largest size during the Byzantine period, when it was a bishopric in the province of Palaestina Secunda. The Babylonians - Learn about ancient Babylon and the people who lived there. 1350 BCE containing clay tablets. [23], Epiphanius claims that after the destruction, some returned to Jerusalem. The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. For the ice hockey league, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Bible The history and geography of Jordan have been shaped over thousands of years. Pella has been almost continuously occupied since Neolithic times. Jesus| The Muslims forces faced little resistance with the town of Pella surrendering by treaty, thereby avoiding occupation by military conquest. 950 CE was unearthed at Pella. In ancient Pella, Jordan, archaeology can take you back over 8,000 years of history. [12] On the tell,[which?] Buhl (GAP, 259) objects to the identification that Tell 'Amateh corresponds to the Asophon of … padding: 30px 0; Home » Pella. London: Palestine Exploration Fund. According to Josephus, Scaurus[which?] [9] seen by Cohen as an attempt of claiming Marcius Philippus as its founder as a reaction to other cities in the region claiming an illustrious, but fictitious pedigree. [27] Rather, the churches, markets and houses of Pella continued in use, with the archaeology showing their progressive modification to meet evolving social and political conditions, as in many of the other towns of the Decapolis alliance in north Jordan. } [12], A Canaanite temple was uncovered during the 1994-2003 campaigns. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). [25] Pella is alleged to have been the site of one of Christianity's earliest churches, but no evidence has been found of this. Explore Pella holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. [citation needed], On the plain of the Jordan Valley below Pella, a historically decisive battle took place in January 635 CE (13 AH) between a Muslim army and the Byzantine forces stationed at Pella and Scythopolis (Beit She'an; Beisan). In particular, a large market and workshop area was installed adjacent to the Civic Complex church at the heart of the Byzantine town plan. [12], The Middle Bronze Age city of ca. color: #337ab7; [12] Recent work on the tell has identified widespread rebuilding following the 749 earthquake, as indicated by wall foundations, plastered floors and refuse pits filled with finely worked bone and moulded glassware. Both rang different bells in my head. Fahil. [12], The Australian teams found storage complexes from the Chalcolithic period (ca. Gridded urban zone constructed during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction of which exceedingly. Time of the Covenant 1997 ) Pre-Classical Pella in Jordan: the domestic destruction deposits of the.... From Pella ( Tabaqat Fahl ): 1989-1990 Lavan, E. Swift and T. Putzeys ( Eds ) part Jordan... ] [ 7 ] Cohen presumes that under Seleucid rule, the hills and canyons are with! The Babylonians - Learn about ancient Babylon and the Ark of the Roman city of Decapolis and A.D.. 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